A common cooling system, typically referred to as “central air conditioning” or “split-system AC,” usually consists of the following:
- a thermostat that manages system operation
- an exterior system that houses a condenser coil, fan, as well as compressor
- an indoor unit, generally either a fan coil or furnace, that houses the fan or evaporator coil to distribute the cooled-down air
- copper tubing that allows the refrigerant to stream between the outdoor or indoor units
- an expansion shutoff controls the quantity of cooling agent going into the evaporator coil
- the ductwork that allows air to circulate from the interior unit bent on the different living spaces and back to the interior unit
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How Does Central Air Function?
Now that you have a basic understanding of how AC functions, let’s dig a little deeper, as well as describe the whole process functions.
The thermostat, which is usually placed on a wall in a central location within the residence, controls and monitors the temperature of the interior air. The cooling process begins when the thermostat senses the air temperature requires to be reduced, as well as sends out signals to the air conditioning system parts both outside and inside of the home to start running. The fan from the interior system draws hot air from inside your house through return air ducts. That air is passed through the filters where lint, dust, and various other airborne fragments are collected. The filtered, warm interior air then overlooks the chilly evaporator coil. As the fluid cooling agent inside the evaporator coil transforms into a gas, heat from the indoor air is absorbed into the cooling agent, therefore, cooling down the air as it overlooks the coil. The indoor system’s blower fan, after that, pumps the cooled air back with the ductwork out of the home inside the different living locations.
The cooling agent gas leaves the house via a copper tube, as well as travels into the compressor inside the air conditioner system outside. Consider the compressor like a large electrical pump. The compressor puts pressure on the cooling agent gas, as well as sends out the refrigerant towards the condenser coil outdoors. A big fan takes outside air with the condenser coil, permitting the air to take in heat from the indoors of the home and release it outside. During this process, the refrigerant is transformed back into a liquid. It then travels via a copper tube back to the interior device where it travels through a development gadget, which manages the circulation of refrigerant right into the evaporator coil. The chilly refrigerant then soaks up more heat from the indoor air and the cycle continues.
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